Insecure land tenure is closely associated with various negative global trends, including but not limited to cycles of poverty, climate change, armed conflict, food and nutrition insecurity, and land degradation.
Insecure tenure in land is today widely accepted as an operative link between various negative global trends, including but not limited to poverty, climate change, armed conflict, food and nutrition insecurity, and land degradation. To this end, the Durable Solutions Multi-Stakeholder Working Group on Housing, Land and Property has taken an area-based approach to pledge development and pledge mobilization - acknowledging the complementary role of various pledging areas in creating pathways and conducive conditions for safe and dignified returns, thus contributing (directly and/or indirectly to GCR Objective 4).
The impact of climate change on access to land, affecting user rights, is severe in many countries. In coastal zones, sea level rise has an impact on housing, agriculture and access to fisheries.
In 2012, the Committee on World Food Security endorsed the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security, which have acquired a high degree of legitimacy owing to, inter alia, the inclusive nature of that Committee.
Where statutory, customary and religious legal systems overlap, one system may have advantages or disadvantages over the others. For example, statutory mechanisms could use processes that seem lengthy and costly to the claimants, but their outcomes are legally binding.
HLP conflicts and disputes are often exacerbated by large-scale population displacement whether to camps or urban settings, which can put pressure on scarce local resources, and in turn, generate tensions between communities.
Women are among those who are disproportionately affected by poor access to, use of, control over and bad governance of land, threatening their rights under the Covenant and potentially leading to discrimination, including intersectional discrimination.
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